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National Zoological Garden Bojnice

National Zoological Garden Bojnice (other names: Národná zoo Bojnice, Bojnická zoologická záhrada/ National Zoological Garden Bojnice) is the oldest and the most visited zoological garden in Slovakia. It was opened for the public on 1stApril 1955. It covers an area of 41 hectares; more than one half of that is taken by animal enclosures. The zoo is located in a recreation environment of the spa town of Bojnice. National Zoo Bojnice is the only state zoological garden in Slovakia, run by the Ministry of Environment of the Slovak Republic. Our activities include live animals displays; we also raise some of the endangered species. Our aim is to have an educational impact on the public in respect to environmental and biodiversity protection. In addition, we manage the national rescue center for confiscated and seized animals. Our specialised employees actively cooperate with CITES and state institutions involved in nature protection. Furthermore, we provide permanent care for handicapped animals within our rehabilitation station. The same applies for injured rare animals taken from the nature and; at last, but not at least, we offer our visitors a great opportunity to relax.

 

Membership in Scientific Organisations

The National Zoo Bojnice is a distinctive member of important international organisations, namely: WAZA (The World Association of Zoos and Aquariums), EAZA (The European Association of Zoos and Aquariums), UCSZOO (The Union of Czech and Slovak Zoos), WAPCA (The West African Primate Conservation Action), EEKMA (The European Elephant Keeper and Manager Association), IZE (The International Zoo Educators Association) and Species360 (The International Zoo Animals Database). We actively cooperate in research and protection of animals in their natural environment with the most important Slovak and international institutions.

 

Our Share in Nature Protection at Home and Abroad

Within the European fauna protection, National zoo Bojnice cooperates on several long-term projects of preservation of the endangered species in Slovakia as well as abroad. One of the most important points is a cooperation with the Tatra National Park in respect to the research and immobilisation of Tatra chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra tatrica) and a very active cooperation in the research of Carpathian lynx (Lynx lynx carpathicus) in Slovakia. This projects also currently includes a successful rehabilitation of wild animals and their subsequent reintroduction into the nature. The zoo also participates in a preservation programme of repatriation of Ural owl (Strix uralensis) to Šumava, a regular reintroduction ofyoungsters of Barn owl (Tyto alba) raised in captivity back into the nature or the raising as well as a reintroduction of mountain Apollo (Parnassius apollo) toselected locations (in cooperation with the State Natural Protection of Slovakia).

The National Zoo Bojnice is also active in preservation of the endangered species of the world fauna; for example, it has supported extincting Edwards's pheasant (Lophura edwardsi) by sending two animals raised in the zoo directly to Vietnam in cooperation with the zoo in Prague. A long-term support of the WAPCA (West African Primate Conservation Action) activities, together with raising of one of the most important species of this project, the critically endangered Roloway monkey (Cercopithecus roloway) is also very important.

 

Zoo Animals

The National Zoo Bojnice presents its unique collection of animals from the entire world, consisting of more than 430 species with the total number of more than 3500 animals. It is the largest collection of animals in Slovakia, while approximately 280 species from this collection are unique in Slovakia, e.g. African elephants or antelopes bongo. The Zoo also participates in raising of 31 species of animals recorded in EEP (European Endangered Species Program), 39 species of animals recorded in ESB (European Studbooks) and 14 species of animals recorded in ISB (International Studbooks).

 

The most significant species currently being raised in our ZOO:

MAMMALS

  • Antilopa bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci)
  • Antilopa vraná (Hippotragus niger)
  • Cibetka západoafrická (Civettictis civetta civetta) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Daman stepný (Heterohyrax brucei)
  • Dikdik Kirkov (Madoqua kirkii)
  • Gibon zlatolíci (Nomascus gabriellae)
  • Gueréza pláštiková (Colobus guereza)
  • Charza žltohrdlá (Martes flavigula aterrima)
  • Jeleň bieloústy (Cervus albirostris)
  • Kengura svižná (Macropus agilis) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Kengura tmavochvostá (Macropus fuliginosus melanops)
  • Kozorožec kaukazský (Capra caucasica)
  • Kudu veľký (Tragelaphus strepsiceros)
  • Leopard obláčkový (Neofelis nebulosa)
  • Leopard perzský (Panthera pardus saxicolor)
  • Lev berberský (Panthera leo leo)
  • Mačiak Hamlynov (Cercopithecus hamlyni) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Mačiak Rolowayov (Cercopithecus roloway) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Nandínia africká (Nandinia binotata) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Ocelot veľký (Leopardus pardalis)
  • Orangutan bornejský (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Panda červená (Ailurus fulgens)
  • Rys karpatský (Lynx lynx carpathicus)
  • Slon africký (Loxodonta africana)
  • Takin zlatý (Budorcas taxicolor bedfordi)
  • Tamarín červenobruchý (Saguinus labiatus)
  • Vari červený (Varecia rubra)
  • Zebra Hartmannovej (Equus zebra hartmannae)

 

VTÁKY

  • Amazoňan golierikatý (Deroptyus accipitrinus) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Ara hyacintová (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus)
  • Bažant Edwardsov (Lophura edwardsi)
  • Bažant ohnivý (Lophura ignita rufa) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Bernikla havajská (Branta sandvicensis)
  • Hadiar krátkochvostý (Terathopius ecaudatus)
  • Hoko prilbatý (Pauxi pauxi)
  • Ibis austrálsky (Threskiornis molucca)
  • Ibis červený (Eudocimus ruber)
  • Kazuár veľkoprilbý (Casuarius casuarius)
  • Kondor kráľovský (Sarcorhamphus papa)
  • Korunáč vejárový (Goura victoria)
  • Labuť čiernokrká (Cygnus melanocoryphus)
  • Lori fialovolíci (Psitteuteles goldiei) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Lyžičiar biely (Platalea leucorodia)
  • Orliak bielokrídly (Haliaeetus pelagicus)
  • Ostrohár bielobrvý (Centropus superciliosus) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Plameniak čílsky (Phoenicopterus chilensis)
  • Rybárik obrovský (Dacelo novaeguineae)
  • Sojkovec perličkový (Ianthocincla ocellata artemisiae)
  • Sova okuliarnatá (Pulsatrix perspicillata)
  • Takatra tmavá (Scopus umbretta)
  • Toko korunkatý (Tockus alboterminatus) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Tukan žltohrdlý (Ramphastos sulfuratus) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Turako Fischerov (Tauraco fischeri) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Zobákorožec čiernobiely (Bycanistes subcylindricus) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Zobákorožec vrásčitý (Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus)
  • Žeriav príveskový (Bugeranus carunculatus)

 

PLAZY, OBOJŽIVELNÍKY, RYBY

  • Anakonda veľká (Eunectes murinus)
  • Anolis sabanský (Anolis sabanus) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Binga botswanská (Hydrocynus vittatus)
  • Korytnačka lúčová (Astrochelys radiata)
  • Kožnatka nílska (Trionyx triunguis) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Krokodíl olivový (Crocodylus siamensis)
  • Krokodílovec čínsky (Shinisaurus crocodilurus)
  • Kuora McCordova (Cuora mccordi) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Leguán fidžijský (Brachylophus fasciatus)
  • Papuľovec tyranský (Tyrannochromis nigriventer) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR
  • Pomec cisársky (Pomacanthus imperator)
  • Rosnička bieloperá (Litoria infrafrenata)
  • Užovka karmínová (Oreocryptophis p. coxi) – jediná zoo v ČR/SR

 

Chovateľské úspechy v rokoch 1955-2017

K najvýznamnejším chovateľským úspechom v histórii v počte odchovaných mláďat patria napr. 14 parmovcov kardinálskych (Pterapogon kauderni), 1 perovec kukučí (Synodontis multipunctatus), 80 papuľovcov tyranských (Tyrannochromis nigriventer), 76 papuľovcov zobcovitých (Fossorochromis rostratus), 200 tilapií nílskych (Oreochromis niloticus), 40 pralesničiek azúrových (Dendrobates tinctorius f. azureus), 1 korytnačka hviezdicová (Geochelone elegans), 3 leguány kubánske (Cyclura nubila), 27 pichľavcov skalných (Uromastyx acanthinurus), 112 gekončíkov nočných (Eublepharis macularius), 133 anakond paraguajských (Eunectes murinus), 6 pytónov zelených (Morelia viridis), 10 pytónov kráľovských (Python regius), 15 pytónov tigrovitých tmavých (Python molurus bivittatus), 251 emu hnedých (Dromaius novaehollandiae), 74 nandu pampových (Rhea americana), 8 pelikánov ružových (Pelecanus onocrotalus), 5 plameniakov čílskych (Phoenicopterus chilensis), 5 bocianov čiernych (Ciconia nigra), 33 ibisov austrálskych (Threskiornis molucca), 24 ibisov červených (Eudocimus ruber), 26 lyžičiarov bielych (Platalea leucorodia), 2 kačice Bernierove (Anas bernieri), 4 kačice striebristé (Spatula versicolor), 1 kazarka rajská (Tadorna variegata), 7 žeriavov stepných (Anthropoides virgo), 7 kariam červenozobých (Cariama cristata), 10 orlov stepných (Aquila nipalensis), 5 sokolov rárohov (Falco cherrug), 99 plamienok driemavých (Tyto alba), 10 sov snežných (Bubo scandiacus), 16 bažantov Edwardsových (Lophura edwardsi), 8 bažantov Hamiltonových (Lophura leucomelanos hamiltoni), 3 uškáne bielochrbté (Crossoptilon mantchuricum), 3 korunáče vejárové (Goura victoria), 1 holub figovníkový (Treron calvus), 1 zobákorožec papuánsky (Rhyticeros plicatus), 2 amazoňany červenočelé (Amazona viridigenalis), 6 amazoňanov golierikatých (Deroptyus accipitrinus), 30 ár modrožltých (Ara ararauna), 17 ár zelenokrídlych (Ara chloroptera), 10 vaza veľkých (Coracopsis vasa), 2 sojkovce perličkové (Ianthocincla ocellata artemisiae), 6 škorcov purpurových (Lamprotornis purpureus), 35 krásiek červenozobých (Urocissa erythrorhyncha), 7 kengúr parma (Macropus parma), 1 kengura červená (Macropus rufus), 2 lemury vari červené (Varecia rubra), 22 kosmáčov trpasličích (Cebuella pygmaea niveiventris), 18 tamarínov pinčích (Saguinus oedipus), 14 tamarínov červenobruchých (Saguinus labiatus), 10 gueréz pláštikových (Colobus guereza), 4 gibony zlatolíce (Nomascus gabriellae), 1 orangutan bornejský (Pongo pygmaeus), 8 norkov európskych (Mustela lutreola), 18 surikat vlnkavých (Suricata suricatta), 4 ženetky škvrnité (Genetta genetta), 2 mačky červenoškvrnné (Prionailurus rubiginosus), 1 manul (Otocolobus manul), 75 rysov karpatských (Lynx lynx carpathicus), 9 leopardov perzských (Panthera pardus saxicolor), 3 tigre sumatrianske (Panthera tigris sumatrae), 2 levy berberské (Panthera leo leo), 12 kulanov turkménskych (Equus hemionus kulan), 2 kiangy východné (Equus kiang holdereri), 4 kone Przewalského (Equus przewalskii), 37 zebier Chapmanových (Equus quagga chapmani), 14 zebier Hartmannovej (Equus zebra hartmannae), 11 antilop bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci), 6 antilop vraných (Hippotragus niger), 125 antilop jeleňovitých (Antilope cervicapra) 31 kudu veľkých (Tragelaphus strepsiceros), 1 sob polárny (Rangifer tarandus), 4 daniele mezopotámske (Dama mesopotamica),  1 sajga tatárska (Saiga tatarica), 5 zubrov európskych (Bison bonasus), 80 kozorožcov kaukazských (Capra caucasica), 9 kozorožcov sibírskych (Capra sibirica), 20 markhurov turkménskych (Capra falconeri heptneri) a 30 kôz bezoárových krétskych (Capra aegagrus cretica).

 

Autor textu:

Bc. Michal Sloviak, zoológ Národnej zoo Bojnice